Another interesting fact I found regarding the name is that prior to the Japanese occupation of Korea the name was actually spelled Corea. The Japanese changed the spelling to a K, but in many non-English speaking countries it is still spelled with a C.
I've also been referencing Korean history in some of my posts without really providing a basic timeline of the events. So here you go!
- Prehistory: Hominids arrived at the peninsula as early as 500,000 BC. The earliest pottery dates to the Jeulman Pottery Period (8,000 BC - 1,500 BC). The Jeulman was followed by the Mumun Pottery Period (1,500 BC - 300 BC).
- 2333 - 108 BC: Gojoseon - Ancient kingdom in the northern part of Korea. Became Wiman Joseon in 194 BC after a general named Wiman usurped the throne
- 57 BC - 668 AD: Three Kingdoms Period - The peninsula was primarily controlled by the Goguryeo, Baekjae, and Silla Kingdoms
- 668 - 892: Silla Unification - The Silla Kingdom unites the three kingdoms after conquering Goguryeo in 668 with the help of the Tang Dynasty
- 892 - 936: Later Three Kingdoms Period - Marks the downfall of the Silla Dynasty as Hubaekje and Hugoguryeo emerge
- 918 - 1392: Goryeo Dynasty - Unites the peninsula from 936 - 1392
- 1392 - 1897: Joseon (or Choson) Dynasty - Emerges after the overthrow of the Goryeo Kingdom
- 1897 - 1910: Korean Empire - A modernization period that took place for short time prior to Japanese occupation
- 1910 - 1945: Japanese Occupation - Japanese takeover of Korea that ended with the Japanese surrender in World War II
- 1945 - 1948: Division of Korea - The United States helps to create a provincial government in the south, while the Soviet Union creates a provincial government in the north
- 1948 - Present: North and South Korea - The United States and the Soviet Union are unable to agree on how to combine the two governments, resulting in the divided country
- 1950 - 1953: Korean War - The two governments wage war, with an armistice ending official conflict
I'm really getting interested in Korean history, so I might go into each of these periods in more depth in future blogs. I'm planning to do a lot of travel over the Christmas weekend, which means I'll have plenty of time to read up on it. I would also like to get a history of Busan posted sometime soon.